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Manali Air Not Fit to Breathe, Air Sample Reveals

Details of Sample and Sampling

  • A Tedlar bag sample was taken on 25 July 2005 at 7:30 pm from opposite the Futura Polymers gate near the graveyard, Manali North Madras, downwind of the company. Wind direction was towards south west, though the wind was very shifty. Given the high levels of prevalent air pollution from multiple sources, including other large sources like refineries, it is likely that Futura is not the only source of the chemicals found in the current sample.
  • Twelve chemicals were found: Hydrogen Sulphide, Carbon disulphide, ethanol, acetone, iso propyl alcohol, 2-butanone, n-hexane, benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, m,p-xylenes and o-xylene.

For further details contact:
A.P. Ramalingam: 9381007267
Nityanand Jayaraman: 94440 82401

S No

Chemical found

Levels detected (ug/m3)

Health based Screening levels (ug/m3)

Number of times exceed the screening levels (approx)

Odour

Health
Effects

Target
Organs

Carcinogen

1.

Hydrogen Sulphide

19.1

1.00 (US EPA Region 6 Screening Level)

19.1

A strong odour of rotten eggs

Irritation eyes, respiratory system; convulsions; conjunctivitis, eye pain, dizziness, headache, weakness, exhaustion, irritability, gastrointestinal disturbance

Eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system

No

2.

Carbon Disulphide

46.1

3 (Texas Long-Term Screening Levels)

15.3

A sweet ether-like odour

Dizziness, headache, poor sleep, weakness, exhaustion, anxiety, weight loss; gastritis; kidney, liver injury; eye, skin burns; dermatitis; reproductive effects

central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular system, eyes, kidneys, liver, skin, reproductive system

No

3.

Ethanol

180

--

--

A pungent, fruity odour

Irritation eyes, nose, throat; eye, skin burns; dermatitis; conjunctivitis; cough; central nervous system depression;; in animals: kidney, reproductive, teratogenic effects; [potential occupational carcinogen]

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, kidneys, central nervous system, reproductive system

Cancer Site [in animals: nasal cancer]

Yes

4.

Acetone

3400

370 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level)

9.1

A fragrant, mint-like odour

Irritation eyes, nose,

throat; headache, dizziness, central nervous system depression; dermatitis

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system

No

5.

Isopropyl Alcohol

5.2

--

--

Odour of rubbing alcohol

Irritation eyes, nose, throat; drowsiness, dizziness, headache; dry cracking skin

Eyes, skin, respiratory system

No

6.

2-Butanone

(Methyl Ethyl Ketone)

8.1

1000 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level)

--

A moderately sharp, fragrant, mint- or acetone-like odour

Irritation eyes, skin, nose; headache; dizziness; vomiting; dermatitis

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system

No

7.

n-Hexane

6.7

210 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level)

--

A gasoline-like odour

Irritation eyes, nose; nausea, headache; muscle weakness; dermatitis; dizziness

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system

No

8.

Benzene

6.2

0.250 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level)

24.8

An aromatic odour

Irritation eyes, skin, nose, dizziness; headache, nausea, exhaustion; bone marrow depression; [potential occupational carcinogen]

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, blood, central nervous system, bone marrow

Cancer Site [leukaemia]

Yes

9.

Toluene

520

400 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level)

1.3

A sweet, pungent, benzene-like odour

Irritation eyes, nose; weakness, exhaustion, confusion, euphoria, dizziness, headache; discharge of tears; anxiety, muscle fatigue, insomnia; liver, kidney damage

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys

No

10.

Ethylbenzene

25

1100 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level)

--

An aromatic odour.

Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; headache; coma

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system

No

11.

m,p- Xylenes

17

--

--

An aromatic odour.

Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizziness, excitement, drowsiness, incoordination, staggering gait; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain; dermatitis

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, blood, liver, kidneys

No

12.

o-Xylene

6.4

730 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level)

--

An aromatic odour.

Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizziness, excitement, drowsiness, incoordination, staggering gait, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, blood, liver, kidneys

No

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